it occurs in the temperate Himalayas. Nepal, Tibet. China etc .It is Propagated by seeds
An erect annual herb 60.125 cm tall, stems robust. branching cylindrical below and four-angled upwards. leaves simple. ovate, broadly lanceolate, cordate at the base. 5-nerved. dubsessile, flowers numerous. very small, greenish yellow, tinged with purple in large leafy panicles; fruits minute pointed capsules. seeds smooth rnany-angled. Flowering-fruiting August to November.
Whole plant contains bitter principles, ophelic acid. chiratin, swertinin, gentianine, swerttanin,. mangiferin minerals, swerchirin, isobellidifolin. friedelin and b – sitosterol, etc
The Plant – is bitter anthelmintic, expectorant, diaphoretic, refrigerant, thermogenic. antibilious. stimulant digestive, appetizer, anti-inflammatory. antipyretic, sudorific and antiperiodic.
The Plant -Is useful in all types of fever promote healthy pancreas. hiccough, anorexia especially chronic. and intermittent fevers, inflammations.. dipsia burning, sensation cough, bronchitis gastropathy dyspepsia, skin diseases and vitiated conditions of Pitta and Kapha,jaundice, toxiemia biliousness. constipation. Indigestion indigestion liver disorders worms, leprosy, thinness, colic, asthma, splenitis etc.