It occurs throughout India. It is naturally propagated by seeds. It also propagated by stem-cuttings.
A large, extensively spreading glabrous, perennial deciduous twiner with succulent stems and papery bark, leaves simple, alternate, cordate, entire, glabrous, 7-9 nerved, flowers yellow. in lax racemes.arising from nodes on the old wood, male flowers in clusters, female flowers usually solitary; fruits drupes. red when ripe. The surface of the stems appears to be closely studded with warty tubercles and the surface skin is longitudinally fissured. On removal of the surface skin the dark greenish mucilaginous stem is seen. Flowering-fruiting September to February.
The sterns contain tinosporin, mucilage, columbin, chasmanthin, giloin glucoside, palmarin,berberine, starch, tinosporon, tinosporol, tinosporic acid, giloinisin, pyrrolidin, diterpenoid furanolectone. octacosanol, 11-sitosterol, etc.
Stem - is bitter, blood purifier, anthelmintic. astringent, sweet. thermogenic. anodyne, alterant,anthelmintic, antipenodic, antispasrnodic, anti-inflammatory. anti-pyretic. antiemetic, digestive,caminative. appetiser, stomachic, constipating, cardiotonic, depurahve, haematinic, expectorant.aphrodisiac, rejuvenating, galacto-purifer, tonic. etc.
Stem - is useful in vitiated conditions of vata, arthritis, anorexia. toxemia, cancer, liver disorders.indigestion, acidity, spree. arthritis. anorexia, indigestion, acidity. spree. burning sensation, piles.worms, promote healthy pancreas, elePhantiasis, hYPerIdiPsia, dyspepsia, flatulence. stomachalgia, intermittent fevers.inflammations. gout, vomiting, cardiac debility. skin diseases, leprosy, erysipelas. anaemia, cough,asthma, general debility. jaundice, seminal weakness, empathy, splenopathy. etc.